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"We Saw Extraterrestrial Spaceships Spotted In Saturn’s Rings," NASA Scientists Reveal




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All UFO and extraterrestrial fans are familiar with Dr. Norman Bergrun. He is a physicist, engineer, and former employee of NASA.

His book reveals that huge extraterrestrial spaceships parked between Saturn’s rings pose a threat to Earth and the rest of the solar system.

After 12 years as a consultant to the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, Dr. Bergrun was employed at Lockheed Missiles and Space Company for more than 13 years.

He believes that the large electromagnetic vehicles (EMVs)...

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Tags: science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science, science, astronomy, NASA, UFOs, aliens, space, space science, science, Earth, Earth science, science, breaking news, science,

The image above may look like a fairly normal picture of the night sky, but what you’re looking at is a lot more special than just glittering stars. Each of those white dots is an active supermassive black hole.

And each of those black holes is devouring material at the heart of a galaxy millions of light-years away – that’s how they could be pinpointed at all.

By combining 256 hours of observations of the northern sky, astronomers have created a map showing 25,000 supermassive black holes. This is the most detailed celestial map in the field of so-called low radio frequencies.

The map covers 4% of the sky in the northern hemisphere. Scientists used supercomputers with new algorithms to create this map, which correct the ionosphere’s effect every four seconds.

The astronomers used 52 stations with LOFAR antennas located across nine European countries, including Leiden astronomers.

Stars or black holes?

The map seems to have several thousand stars, but they are supermassive black holes located in separate, distant galaxies.

Research leader Francesco de Gasperin (formerly Leiden University, now Universität Hamburg, Germany) says about the study: "This results from many years of work on incredibly difficult data. We had to invent new methods to convert the radio signals into images of the sky."

Co-author Reinout van Weeren (Leiden Observatory) explains, "Observations at long radio wavelengths are complicated by the ionosphere that surrounds the Earth. This layer of free electrons acts like a cloudy lens that constantly moves across the radio telescope. It’s similar to when you try to see the world while immersed in a swimming pool. When you look up, the waves on the water of the pool deflect the light rays and distort the view."

The new observatory, the largest space telescope ever built, successfully unfolded its final primary mirror segment on Saturday (Jan. 8), capping off what NASA has billed as one of its most complicated space deployments ever. The Webb mission team is now focusing on guiding the telescope to its final destination while also bringing key parts of the observatory online for astronomy work.

Webb is expected to arrive at its "insertion location" by Jan. 23, where it will fire its engines and glide to Earth-sun Lagrange Point 2 (L2), which is 930,000 miles (1.5 million kilometers) away from our planet. If Webb gets to the right zone, it can use a minimum of fuel to stay in place thanks to a near-perfect alignment with the sun, Earth and Moon.

However, the control teams will be required to perform more than just space maneuvers. Webb still has a lot of complex commissioning operations ahead, and NASA particularly pointed to aligning its mirror and getting its instruments ready as key milestones to watch for in the next few weeks.

As Webb prepares for the engine fire, team members will spend the next 15 days aligning the 18 mirror segments to "essentially perform as one mirror," according to John Durning, Webb’s deputy project manager at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, during a press conference Saturday (Jan. 8) from Webb’s control center at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland.

"I should say also, that Webb will start turning on the instruments in the next week or so," Durning added. "And then after we get into L2, as the instruments get cold enough, they [engineers] are going to be starting to turn on all the various instruments."

L2 is an ideal location for Webb to carry out its duties. Webb will work in the darkness required for heat-seeking infrared observations due to the great distance from the sun and a sunshield. Infrared wavelengths will allow the telescope to peer through dust to examine objects such as young exoplanets or the interiors of distant galaxies, all on its quest to understand the universe and its evolution.

According to NASA, Webb is equipped with four science instruments that will allow observations in visible, near-infrared, and mid-infrared (0.6 to 28.5 micrometers) wavelengths, including a near-infrared camera, a near-infrared spectrograph, a mid-infrared instrument, and a combination fine guidance sensor and spectrograph.

"Each instrument has their own set of milestones," Durning said. "That will be challenging to [calibrate] them once they reach temperature, making sure they get it all aligned.

Mirror deployment will begin on Tuesday (Jan. 11), according to Lee Feinberg, Goddard’s optical telescope element manager. The mirrors were folded for the stresses of launch and it will take somewhere between 10 and 12 days to "get all of the mirrors forward by roughly half an inch, and that puts them in a position where we can do the detailed optical alignment," Feinberg said.

Basic alignment will take about three months to complete in order for the telescope to be ready for "first light," when it will take its first testing image as part of the alignment process. NASA has warned that the first images will most likely be blurry because the telescope has not yet been fully aligned. More imaging and testing will be required to get the configuration just right.

"Right around day 120 is when we think the entire telescope will be aligned," Durning said, which would put the full alignment date around April 24, depending on how the commissioning process goes.

Valles Marineris, the largest canyon in the Solar System, deeply marks the surface of Mars; a tectonic crack widened by erosion and marked by nearby channels potentially carved by water. It turns out that some of that water might still be there. Orbital observations indicate that a hidden reservoir of water exists beneath the soil at the bottom of this vast canyon.

The ESA-Roscosmos ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) has been measuring the amount of hydrogen on Mars’ surface. Hydrogen is a possible substitute for water. Using the FREND instrument on board TGO, the team discovered a region where, if the hydrogen detected is in the form of water ice, it could account for up to 40% of the near-surface material.

According to Icarus, the potentially water-rich region is discovered overlapping the Candor Chaos, an area that was already thought to be a promising place to look for water. Previously, scientists searching for near-surface water on Mars had only explored the very surface, looking for ice-covered dust grains in the soil. The new research digs deeper, so to speak.

"With TGO we can look down to one metre below this dusty layer and see what’s really going on below Mars’ surface – and, crucially, locate water-rich ‘oases’ that couldn’t be detected with previous instruments," lead author Igor Mitrofanov of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, said in a statement.

"FREND revealed an area with an unusually large amount of hydrogen in the colossal Valles Marineris canyon system: assuming the hydrogen we see is bound into water molecules, as much as 40% of the near-surface material in this region appears to be water."

Although Mars is a frigid desert, the equatorial regions are not cold enough to support exposed water ice, as is found at the poles. Because the Valles Marineris stretches for over 4,000 kilometers (2,500 miles) just south of the equator, the presence of water in the soil is very exciting. More observations will be required to confirm this finding and determine what type of water the researchers believe has been discovered on Mars. Water at those latitudes could be in the form of buried ice or trapped in minerals.

"We found a central part of Valles Marineris to be packed full of water – far more water than we expected. This is very much like Earth’s permafrost regions, where water ice permanently persists under dry soil because of the constant low temperatures," co-author Alexey Malakhov said. "Overall, we think this water more likely exists in the form of ice."

"Knowing more about how and where water exists on present-day Mars is essential to understand what happened to Mars’ once-abundant water, and helps our search for habitable environments, possible signs of past life, and organic materials from Mars’ earliest days," added ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter project scientist Colin Wilson.Yesterday NASA announced one of the most significant discoveries of potentially habitable planets in recent years – The first known system of seven planets the size of Earth orbiting a Star. Three of those planets certainly are in the habitable zone – the area where a rocky planet could have liquid water.

This discovery sets a new record for the largest number of planets in the habitable zone around a single Star outside the solar system. All seven of these planets can have liquid water – the key to life as we know it in the right weather conditions, but the probability is greatest with three located in the habitable zone.

"This discovery could be a significant piece of the puzzle for the discovery of habitable environments, places that contribute to the existence of life – says Thomas Tsurbuhen of scientific Directorate at NASA in Washington at a press conference on the occasion of the discovery.

"The answer to the question" Are we alone [in the Universe] "is among the top priorities of science and discovery of so many planets like these for the first time in the habitable zone is a remarkable step towards this goal."

Other “Solar System” with 7 Earth-Like Planets was Found by NASANASA scientists called newly discovered space object "sister of the solar system." The star around which circle the Earth-like planet is called TRAPPIST-1 and is located 39 light years away from us. It is much younger than the Sun and its system will continue to exist long after the destruction of our own.. At least six of the planets are rocky, and their surface temperatures are in the cozy range between 0 and 100 ° C.

A team of astronomers led by Michel Guillon from the University of Liege, Belgium, was first detected three exoplanets in March 2016 with the help of ground-based telescopes. Later on, thanks to Spitzer Space Telescope have discovered other planets.

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This FanPost was written by a member of the Gaslamp Ball community and does not necessarily reflect the views of the Gaslamp Ball staff or SB Nation.